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(江苏专用)高考英语一轮复习 Unit 2 The universal language学案(含解析)牛津译林版选修8

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Unit 2 The universal language

一、单词表词汇全查验——运用多媒体,提问默写词汇

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写]

1.jazz n.

爵士乐

2.string n.

弦;线,细绳;一串,一系列

3.butterfly n.

蝴蝶

4.awesome adj.

极好的;令人惊叹的,令人敬畏的

5.stubborn adj.

固执的,顽固的

6.*princess n.

公主

7.*prince n.

王子

[第二屏听写]

8.*grab vt.

(突然或用力)抓住,夺取,攫取

9.dawn n.

黎明,拂晓;开端,萌芽

10.grand adj.

宏大的,壮丽的,堂皇的,隆重的

11.broken heart n.

破碎的心,哀恸

12.*opportunity n.

机遇,时机

13.personnel n.

人事部门;职员,全体人员

14.department n.

部,司,局,处,系

[第三屏听写]

15.personnel department n. 人事部门

16.chorus n.

合唱曲;合唱团

vt.

合唱;齐声说

17.*sore adj.

疼痛的,酸痛的

18.throat n.

咽喉,喉咙

19.*composer n.

作曲者,作曲家

20.motherland n.

祖国

21.Austria n.

奥地利

[第四屏听写] 22.tutor n. 23.symphony n.

指导教师;家庭教师 交响乐,交响曲
1

24.bachelor n. 25.*flute n. 26.kindergarten n. 27.folk adj. n. 28.folk song n.

单身汉,未婚男子;学士 长笛 幼儿园 民间的,民俗的 人们;亲属(尤指父母) 民歌,民谣

[第五屏听写] 29.ballet n. 30.*swan n. 31.album n. 32.the charts n. 33.*blues n. 34.slavery n. 35.*trumpet n.

芭蕾舞剧;芭蕾舞;芭蕾舞团 天鹅 音乐专辑;相册,影集 每周流行唱片排行榜 布鲁斯音乐,蓝调 奴隶身份;奴隶制 小号;喇叭

[第六屏听写]

36.liberty n.

自由

37.*rhythm n.

节奏,韵律;节律,有规则的变化

38.*rhythm and blues n.(abbr. R&B)

节奏布鲁斯,节奏蓝调

39.*rattle vi.&vt.

(使)发出咔嗒咔嗒的声音;使紧张或恐惧

40.*comet n.

彗星

41.prejudice n.

偏见,成见

vt.

使怀有(或形成)偏见

42.discrimination n.

歧视,区别对待;辨别力,鉴赏力

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英) [第七屏听写] 1.universal adj. 2.cast vt.&vi. 3.condemn vt. 4.dare vt.&vi.&aux. 5.disturbing adj.

共同的,普遍的,全世界的 选派角色;投射(光、影);向……投以(视线、笑容)
判刑,宣判;指责,谴责 敢于,胆敢 令人不安的;引起恐慌的
2

6.unwilling adj. 7.seize vt. 8.demand vt. n. [第八屏听写] 9.evident adj. 10.scold vt. 11.merciful adj. 12.deadline n. 13.unite vi.&vt. 14.broken adj. 15.unemployment n. 16.collection n.

不情愿,不愿意;勉强的,无奈的 逮捕,捉拿;抓住,捉住;夺取,攻占 强烈要求;需要 要求;需求
清楚的,显然的 训斥,责骂 仁慈的,慈悲的,宽大为怀的 最后期限,截止日期 联合,团结;统一 破损的,受伤的;中止了的;不连续的 失业 作品集;收藏品;一批(人或物品);取走

[第九屏听写]

17.chart n.

图表;海图

vt.

记录;制订;绘制(地图)

18.root n.

起源,起因;根,根茎

19.tendency n.

倾向,偏好;趋势,趋向

20.format n.

形式;格式;版式

21.gradual adj.

逐渐的,逐步的;平缓的,不陡的

22.decline n.

衰落,衰败;减少;下降

vi.&vt.

衰落;下降;婉言谢绝

23.trend n.

趋势,动向

24.band n.

乐队;一伙人;带子;条纹

[第十屏听写]

25.seek vt.&vi.

试图,设法;寻找,寻求

26.scream vi.

尖叫,高声喊;呼啸

n.

尖叫,尖锐刺耳的声音

27.be_condemned_to_something 被处以某种刑罚

28.ask_for_somebody's_hand_in_marriage (向女方)求婚

29.fall_in_love

相爱,坠入爱河

30.at_first_sight

初次见面;乍一看

31.spring_up

突然兴起,迅速出现

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32.break_up

破裂,解散;破碎

二、单元核心考点初热身——提供语境,单元考点自测回顾

(一)分类识记单词——用时少·功效高

Ⅰ.知其意(英译汉)

1.stubborn adj. 固执的,顽固的

识记单 词写对

2.dawn n. 黎明,拂晓;开端,萌芽

3.opportunity n. 机遇,时机

4.prejudice n. 偏见,成见

vt. 使怀有偏见

5.discrimination n. 歧视,区别对待;

辨别力,鉴赏力

6.liberty n.

自由

7.awesome adj. 极好的;令人惊叹的,令

人敬畏的

8.personnel n. 人事部门;职员,全体人



Ⅱ.写其形(汉译英) 1.scold vt. 训斥,责骂 2.deadline n. 最后期限,截止日 期 3.broken adj. 破损的;中止的; 不连续的 4.trend n. 趋势,动向 5.scream vi. 尖叫,高声喊;呼 啸 n.尖叫,尖锐刺耳的声音

9.department n. 部,司,局,处,系

10.composer n. 作曲者,作曲家

1.There are not enough sports facilities to meet people's growing demands

核心单 词练通

(要求). 2.I think we must not condemn (谴责) her on pure supposition. 3.They are still seeking (试图) to find a peaceful solution to the conflict. 4.Since he was stuck in a lift a year ago he hasn't dared (敢) to get back into one. 5.This decline (减弱) in vigour with the passing of time is called ageing. 6.Recent research has cast (投射) new light on the causes of the disease. 7.Tyrion seized (抓住) her by the wrist and pulled her out of the pit.

拓展单 词用活

8.They added nitrogen (氮) to the soil through their _roots (根).

[记全记牢]

[用准用活]

1.universal adj.共同的,普遍的, 1._Gradually (gradual) the farmland

全体的,全世界的→universe n.宇 turned into a desert.



2.It was evident that all the evidence

2.disturbing adj.令人不安的;引起 we collected proved him to be

4

恐慌的→disturbed adj.心理不正常 guilty.(evident)

的;精神失常的→disturb vt.打扰; 3.The disturbing news made people

使中断;使焦虑

present

at

the

meeting

3.unwilling adj.不情愿,不愿意; disturbed.(disturb)

勉强的,无奈的→willing adj.自愿 4.An increase in crime is one of the

的→willingness n.乐意

results of unemployment,_so the

4.evident adj. 清 楚 的 , 显 然 的 → government and the employers should

evidence n.证据;证词

pay more attention to the

5.merciful adj.仁慈的,慈悲的,宽 employment.(employ)

大为怀的→mercy n.宽容,仁慈,怜 5.The old collector likes to collect



some old paintings and his house is

6.unemployment n . 失 业 → said to build up a fine art

unemployed adj. 失 业 的 → collection.(collect)

employment n.雇佣,工作,职业→ 6.There is a growing tendency for

employ v.雇佣→employer n.雇主 people to return to the hometown to

→employee n.雇员

start their business. The middle?aged

7.collection n.作品集;收藏品; tend to do that.(tend)

一批(人或物品);取走→collect vt. 7.There are a huge number of unknown

收集→collector n.收集者;收藏家 planets in the universe,_so these

8.tendency n.倾向,偏好;趋势, puzzles are very universal. But we

趋向→tend v.倾向;趋向

believe we can make them clear one

9.gradual adj.逐渐的,逐步的;平 day.(universe)

缓的,不陡的→gradually adv.逐渐

地,逐步地

?积 得 多(平时多输入,用时顺手出)

1.“指责,谴责”家族

3.多途径“搜寻”

①scold

责骂,斥责 ①seek 寻找,探寻

5.为何“大喊大叫”?

②criticize 批评,指责 ②explore 探索,探究

①scream 因恐惧、快乐等

③blame 指责,责备

③track 跟踪;追踪

尖叫

④accuse 谴责,指控

④hunt 寻找;猎取

②cry 因恐惧、痛苦等喊叫

⑤condemn 谴责,判刑

4.“清楚,明显”一扫光

③shout 高声喊叫

2.“增加”“减少”对对碰 ①evident 显然的

④yell 因外界刺激尖叫

① 增 加 : rise, increase, ②obvious 极为明显的

⑤call 大声说话或喊叫

accumulate, go up

③apparent 显而易见的

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② 减 少 : fall, decrease, ④clear 清楚明白的 decline, go down

(二)语段串记短语——不枯燥·兴趣高

第一组 第二组 第三组

先写对

再用准

1.be_condemned_to_sth.

被处以某种刑罚

Tom and Mary ① fell_in_love_with each

2.find_out 发现,查明,弄清 other ② at_first_sight and in a short

3.fall_in_love 相爱,坠入爱 time they got married.But after they



married, they found they differed

4.at_first_sight 初次见面; entirely in character and quarrelled a

乍一看

lot. Eventually, they ③ broke_up with

5.break_up 破裂,解散;破碎 each other.

6.come_close_to 接近,靠近

1.spring_up 突然兴起,迅速

出现

I ① applied_for the post in the

2.depend_on 依赖,依靠

advertisement ②put_up in the newspaper

3.put_up 举起;张贴;提供食 yesterday. Whether I can be admitted ③

宿

depends_on the interview to be held next

4.apply_for 申请

Friday.So before that, I must get well

5.split_up 分裂,分解

prepared.

6.try_out 实验;试用

1.participate_in 参加;参与 2.have_a_tendency_for_... 有一种……倾向 3.take_on 呈现;雇用;承担 4.break_one's_promise 违背 诺言 5.serve_as 起… …作用; 用 作…… 6.go_crazy 变得疯狂,发疯

Tom said that he would ①participate_in the football match. But he ② broke_his_promise and didn't appear at all on that day.The result was that we suffered a disastrous defeat, which made us ③go_crazy. However, later we knew that he had had an accident. We were sorry that we misunderstood him.

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?积 得 多(平时多输入,用时顺手出)

1.sight 短语集锦

2.“v.+for”短语集合

3.“go+adj.”短语小结

①at first sight 初次见 ①apply for

申请 ①go mad

发疯

面;乍一看

②long for 渴望

②go hungry 挨饿

②at the sight of 看到 ③hope for 希望得到

③go bad 变质

③out of sight 看不到 ④wish for 希望得到

④go wrong (机器等)发生

④in/within sight 在视野 ⑤prepare for 为……作准 故障





⑤go crazy 变得疯狂,发

⑤come into sight 出现



⑥on sight 一看到,一看见

⑥go deaf 变聋

(三)仿写用活句式——造佳句·表达高

背原句

明句式

学仿写

1.Just imagine performing such

周围的稻田像一片金色的海

an opera in the Forbidden City

洋,我从来没看见过比这更漂

— there could not be a more awesome setting! 想象一下在紫禁城上演这出歌剧

“否定词+比较级”表 示最高级意义。

亮的景象! The rice fields around me looked like a golden sea.I

吧 —— 不 可 能 有 比 这 更 棒 的 场 景

have_never_seen_more_beau

了!

tiful_scenery_than_it!

2.Unfortunately, Puccini died

of a heart attack before he

completed this final scene, and

(2017· 浙 江 高 考 写 作 佳 句 )

it had to be completed by one of before 引导时间状语从 要过一个小时左右我们才能

his former students, Franco 句,意为“还没来得 到达山顶。

Alfano.

及……就……;趁……; It will be an hour or so

不幸的是,普契尼还没写完最后一 之后才……”等。 before_we_get_to the top

幕就因心脏病去世了,这一幕不得

of the mountain.

不由他以前的一名学生法兰

高·阿法奴完成。

3.Wherever the Beatles went, wherever 引导让步状语 (2017·北京高考满分作文)

there was a phenomenon called 从句,意为“无论去(在) 无论你选择去哪里旅行,你一

‘Beatlemania’ — thousands of 哪里”。此时,相当于 no 定会体验到中国的传统文化。

fans would surround them, matter where。

Wherever_you_choose_to_tr

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screaming and going crazy trying to see them. 无论甲壳虫乐队到哪儿,总有一种 被称为“披头士狂热”的现象—— 成千上万的粉丝聚集在他们周围, 尖叫着,疯狂地试图见他们一面。

avel,_you are bound to experience the traditional Chinese culture.

考点新组合

阅读微技能

Milu deer used to be common in China

long ago. However, the number of them ?

________ (be) on the decline and they

disappeared in the Ming and Qing

Dynasties. ? ________ (lucky) , some 1.①处用所给词的适当形式填空 was。

were taken to Britain then. In 1985 China 2.②处用所给词的适当形式填空 Luckily。

sought chances ? ________(bring) back 3.③处用所给词的适当形式填空 to_bring。

the Milu deer. Their number has grown

quickly.It is demanded that one day there

should be enough animals to be left in the

wild again.

1.decline n.衰落,衰败;减少;下降 vi. & vt.衰落;下降;婉言谢绝

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中 decline 的词性和含义 ①We asked her to come to our party, but she declined. v.谢绝

②There has been a sharp decline in profits this year.n.下降

③His health has begun to decline because he is old.v.衰退

④The number of staff has declined from 217,000 to 114,000.v.下降

[系统考点]

(1)fall/go into (a) decline

陷入衰退

in decline/on the decline

在衰退中,走下坡路

(2)decline to do sth.

拒绝做某事

8

[练通重点]

单项填空

⑤—Several hotels in this area are closing down.

—That's because tourism itself ________ since last year.

A.is declining

B.declined

C.had declined

D.has been declining

解析:选 D 根据“since last year“的提示可知,应用现在完成时或现在完成进行

时,再结合四个选项可知应选 D。

完成句子

⑥I didn't know why the boy declined_to_answer a question.

我不知道那个男孩为什么拒绝回答问题。

⑦ He is still one of the world's most popular golfers, but his skill is

in_decline/on_the_decline.

他仍是世界上最受欢迎的高尔夫球选手之一,但他的球技大不如前。

⑧ The intense competition from overseas has caused the cotton industry

fall/go_into_(a)_decline.

来自海外的激烈竞争导致了国内棉花产业的衰退。

2.seek (sought, sought) vt. & vi.试图,设法;寻找,寻求

seek (for) sth./sb. from ...

从……寻找某物/某人

seek after

追求;追寻

seek to do sth.

试图做某事

seek one's fortune

找出路;碰运气

seek out

搜寻出;找出

[题点全练]

单项填空

①In the early 1920s, thousands of people went to Australia to ________ their

fortune.

A.seek

B.take

C.develop

D.undertake

解析:选 A 句意:在 20 世纪 20 年代初,成千上万的人去澳大利亚寻找发财之路。seek

one's fortune“找出路;碰运气”。

完成句子

②Don't just wait to be informed. You should try to seek_for the information

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you need. 不要只是等着被告知。你应该尽力去寻找你需要的信息。 ③ Different men seek_after_happiness in different ways and by different
methods. 不同的人以不同的方式和手段寻求幸福。 ④Many people in their lifetime avoid or do not even seek_to_find_the_answer_to
that question. 许多人在他们的一生中都在逃避或根本没有去寻找过那个问题的答案。 单句写作 ⑤(2015·湖北高考书面表达)通过这次经历,我认识到质疑是帮助我们寻求真理的桥
梁。 From_this_experience_I_have_learnt_that_questioning_can_serve_as_a_bridge_t
hat_helps_us_to_seek_the_truth. [联想发散] 表示“寻找”的短语还有:look for, search for, hunt for 等。 3.demand vt.强烈要求;需要 n.要求;需求

(1)demand to do sth.

要求做某事

(sb.) demand that sb. (should) do sth. (某人)要求某人做某事(that 从句使用虚

拟语气)

(2)demand doing/to be done

需要被做

(3)in demand

需求大;受欢迎的

on demand

一经要求

satisfy/meet the/one's demands

满足(某人的)要求

[多角练透]

单项填空

①The Harry Potter books are quite popular; they are in great________ in this

city.

A.quantity

B.progress

C.production

D.demand

解析:选 D 句意:小说《哈利·波特》非常流行,在这个城市需求量很大。in great

quantity“大量地,大批量”;progress 和 production 无此搭配;in great demand“需求

量很大”。故只有 D 项符合句意。

用所给词的适当形式填空

②Strike workers demanded to_see (see) the manager.

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③My demand is that the information referred to (should)_be_emailed (email) to

Mr.Brown without delay.

④He found he could no longer cope with his demanding (demand) job.

单句写作

⑤(2016·全国卷Ⅱ书面表达)摄影俱乐部要求照片要与环境保护有关。

The_photography_club_demands_that_the_photos_be_related_to_environmental_pr

otection.

[名师指津] demand 不能用于 demand sb. to do sth.结构;“向某人要某物”不能用

demand sb. sth.,要用 demand sth. of/from sb.。

考点新组合

阅读微技能

Last night I went to see Shaoxing opera.

We would have had a good time ? 1. ① 处 画 线 部 分 还 可 表 达 为

if_there_hadn't_been_an_unexpected_incide but_for_an_unexpected_incident。

nt. On my way to the opera house, a thief 2.②处用所给词的适当形式填空 trying。

broke up the glass of a car, ?________(try) 3.③处应填的句子为__C__。

to steal money. He was seized by the owner A.When we arrived, the opera had been

before he succeeded. We were held up with over.

many people around there.The thief begged B.We were very angry and went home

the owner to forgive him but was refused. without going to see the opera.

Soon the police came and took away the thief. C.When we arrived, the opera had been

?________ We missed a half of it. It could on for half an hour.

not be a more disturbing night.

4.seize vt.逮捕,捉拿;抓住,捉住;夺取,攻占

seize sth. from ...

从……抓取/夺取某物

seize a chance/an opportunity 抓住机会/机遇

seize sb. by the+部位

抓住某人某物

[题点全练] 完成句子 ①You should seize_the_opportunity_to_work abroad with both hands.

你应该紧紧抓住这次出国工作的机会。

②Before the thief could run away, the brave girl seized_him_by_the_collar. 在小偷逃跑之前,这个勇敢的女孩抓住了他的衣领。

[名师指津] seize 指突然一把“抓住”某人或某物时,可直接用被抓的部位作宾语,

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也可用“seize+sb.+by+the+部位”结构,但表示部位的名词前不可用物主代词。 5.break up 破裂;破碎,打碎;解散,驱散;拆开,分开;分手;结束;放假 [一词多义] 写出下列句中 break up 的含义 ①The meeting didn't break up until deep at night.结束 ②Did you know that Kate broke up with her boyfriend?分手 ③The police came running and broke up the crowd.驱散 ④When does the school break up for the summer holidays?放假 ⑤When does the ice break up on the river?破裂 ⑥You can break up that old machine and sell some parts.拆开,分开 6.before 引导时间状语从句 [教材原句] Unfortunately, Puccini died of a heart attack before he completed
this final scene, and it had to be completed by one of his former students, Franco Alfano.
不幸的是,普契尼还没写完最后一幕就因心脏病去世了,这一幕不得不由他以前的一名 学生法兰高·阿法奴完成。
before 引导时间状语从句时的含义不同: (1)一般情况下 before 表示“在……之前”,但在翻译时,可灵活掌握,可译为“还未…… 就……”“不到……就……”“……才……”“趁……”等 (2)It will be +一段时间+before ...“多久之后才……” (3)It was+一段时间+before ...“过了多久才……” ①—Why didn't you tell him the news? —He rushed out of the room before_I_could_say_a_word. ——你为什么不把消息告诉他? ——我还没来得及说一句话他就冲出了房间。 ②I must write it down before_I_forget_it. 趁着我还没忘,我得把它记下来。 ③I'm sorry you've been waiting so long, but it'll_still_be_some_time_before Brian gets back. 对不起,让你等了这么长时间,但是,布莱恩还要过一段时间才能回来。 ④It_was_three_days_before he made the decision to accept our suggestion. 三天后他才作出决定接受我们的提议。 7.“否定词+比较级”结构,表示最高级意义 [教材原句] Just imagine performing such an opera in the Forbidden City — there
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could_not_be_a_more awesome setting! 想象一下在紫禁城上演这出歌剧吧——不可能有比这更棒的场景了!

(1)“否定词+比较级”结构表示最高级意义,通常译为“没有比……更……的,没有 像……一样……的”。常用的否定词有 no, not, never, nothing, nobody, hardly 等。
(2)表示最高级意义的常用比较级结构还有:

??any other+单数名词 all (the) other+复数名词
? 比较级+than+ anyone else ??any of the other+复数名词
the rest of+复数名词或不可数名词

①I_couldn't_have_enjoyed_myself_more — it was a perfect day.

我玩得再开心不过了——这是完美的一天。

②The book has a greater effect on me than any_other_book.

③The book has a greater effect on me than all_the_other_books.

④The book has a greater effect on me than any_of_the_other_books.

⑤The book has a greater effect on me than the_rest_of_books.

这本书对我影响最大。

考点新组合

阅读微技能

Turandot is the story of a Chinese princess

named Turandot ?________ says whoever wants to

marry her must solve three riddles. Those ?

________ can't answer three riddles will be condemned to death. Few men dare to try. Shortly afterwards, a prince, Calaf,?________ falls in

①②③处应填的关系词分别是 who, who,who。

love with Turandot, answers the three questions

and marries her. Many greatest opera singers

have ever been cast in this opera.

8.condemn vt.判刑,宣判;指责,谴责

(1)condemn sb. for ... condemn sb.to sth./to do sth. (2)condemn sb. to death

因……谴责某人 使某人注定……;使某人注定做…… 判某人死刑

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??be condemned to death
?
??be sentenced to death

被判处死刑

[题点全练] 完成句子

①Lack of skills condemned_him_to_live a poor life.

缺乏技能注定了他要过着艰难的生活。

②Do you condemn_yourself_for things which you did or failed to do in the past?

你是否为你曾经做过的或没有做到的事而对自己耿耿于怀?

③The judge condemned_the_drunk_driver_to_stay in prison for six months.

法官判这个酒驾司机六个月拘役。

9.dare vt. & vi. & aux.敢于,胆敢

(1)dare 用作实义动词时,有人称、数和时态的变化。 常见搭配:dare to do sth.“敢于做某事”。 在否定句和疑问句中 to 可以省略。 (2)dare 用作情态动词时,通常用于疑问句、否定句和条件句中,没有人称和数的变化, 后面跟动词原形,其否定式为 dare not。 (3)I dare say 为习惯说法,意为“我想,很可能,大概”。 [多角练透]
单项填空 ①The little child ________ go out alone at night, so he ________ walk in the dark that night. A.daren't; didn't dare to B.doesn't dare; dare not to C.isn't dare to; dared not to D.doesn't dare to; dare not to 解析:选 A dare 用作情态动词时,后接动词原形,主要用于疑问句、否定句和条件句 中,没有人称和数的变化;当 dare 用作实义动词时,有人称和数以及时态的变化。根据时 间状语 that night 可以判断本题表述过去的事情,所以正确答案是 A。
用所给词的适当形式填空 ②They dare not play (play) a joke on him in case he becomes angry. ③You're the only one who dares to_admit (admit) mistakes.
完成句子

④He daren't/doesn't_dare_(to) speak English before such a crowd. 在这么多人面前他不敢说英语。
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⑤This is a book, which I_dare_say,_is unequaled as far as translation practice is concerned.
就翻译训练而言,我认为这是一本无出其右的好书。 10.cast (cast, cast) vt.& vi.选派角色;投射(光、影);向……投以(视线、笑容) n.全体演员

cast down

使沮丧/失望

cast light on/upon

弄清楚,使人明白

cast a glance/look at/toward ... 朝……瞧了瞧

cast sb. as ...

选派某人演……角色

[多角练透]

介、副词填空

①The circumstances were all against Joe, but he was not cast down.

②The director cast a well?known actress as Marie Curie in the movie.

完成句子

③ The information offered by the old man may help cast_light_on/upon the

mystery.

这位老人提供的信息可能有助于弄清这件神秘的事情。

④She cast_a_quick_glance_at the notepad to see if there were any messages for

her.

她很快的瞄了一下记事簿,看是否有留给她的口信。

11.fall in love (with sb.)爱上(某人),相爱,坠入爱河

fall in love with “突然爱上”,表示动作,是短暂性动词短语,不与表示一段时间 的状语连用;
be in love with “爱/喜欢”,表示状态,是延续性动词短语,可与表示一段时间的 状语连用。
[题点全练] 完成句子 ①An unexpected discovery makes me deeply fall_in_love_with this place. 一次意外的发现,让我深深地爱上了这个地方。 ②I choose to live in the city because I have deep feelings for it and I am_in_love_with it. 我选择住在这座城市是因为我已深深地爱上它。 ③Annie was so attractive that Jimmy fell_in_love_with her the first time he
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saw her. Now they have_been_in_love_with each other for three years. 安妮如此迷人以至于吉米第一次见她就爱上了她。现在他们已经相爱三年了。

[单元语基落实]

Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.—Would you like to see the film in which a lot of film stars are cast (担

任角色)?

—Yes! What's the name of the film?

2.There are disturbing (令人不安的) reports of killings at the two centres.

3.Unwilling (不愿意) to obey his parents, the boy escaped from home.

4.The key to solving the problem is to satisfy the demands (要求) made by the

workers.

5.The merciful (仁慈的) king forgave the young officer and saved him from death.

6.“It's awesome (极好的)!”he let out a cry with excitement when his favorite

player kicked a goal.

7.They are still seeking (试图) to find a peaceful solution to the conflict.

8.They seized (抓住) whatever was at hand, worked out the problem and took

control of the situation.

9.Since he was stuck in a lift a year ago he hasn't dared (敢) to get back into

one.

10.I wanted to help him, but he declined (谢绝) with thanks.

11.Most plants will root (生根) in about six to eight weeks.

12.Don't scold (责骂) her; she's nothing but a child.

13.We were not able to meet the deadline (最后期限) because of manufacturing

delays.

14.Sue screamed (尖叫), not loudly, more in surprise than terror.

15.Patients took more than two hours to be processed through the department

(科).

Ⅱ.单项填空

1.According to scientists, our mental abilities begin to ________ from the age

of 27 after reaching the highest level at 22.

A.differ

B.shrink

C.fail

D.decline

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解析:选 D 句意:据科学家说,我们的思维能力在 22 岁达到顶峰后,从 27 岁开始下

降。decline“下降”,符合句意。differ“与……不同”; shrink“收缩”; fail“失败”。

2.(2019·徐州模拟)At the conference, the chairman demanded that people present

________ every effort to protect the polar bear against dying out.

A.made

B.would make

C.to make

D.make

解析:选 D 句意:会上主席要求参加会议的人都要努力保护北极熊,以免其灭绝。

demand“要求”,后接 that 从句时,从句用虚拟语气,即“(should+)动词原形”。

3.—I failed in the driving test again. Sorry to let you down.

—________? I've helped you practice enough.

A.So what

B.How come

C.Any reason

D.Why not

解析:选 B 句意:“我考驾照又没通过,很抱歉让您失望了。”“怎么会?我帮你练得

够多了。”So what?“那又怎样?”How come?“怎么会?”Any reason?“有什么原因吗?”

Why not?“为什么不?”根据句意可知选 B。

4.—You ________ stop me.

—Even if you ________ it, I won't allow you to swim across the river.

A.mustn't; dare not do

B.may; dare not do

C.can; dare to do

D.needn't; dare do

解析:选 D 句意:“你不用阻止我。”“即使你敢游过这条河,我也不允许你那样做。”

needn't“没必要”;第二个空 dare 为情态动词,意为“敢,敢于”。

5.Mike ________ with Janet for over one year before they got married.

A.had fallen in love

B.had been in love

C.has fallen in love

D.has been in love

解析:选 B 句意:迈克和珍妮特在结婚前已相爱一年多了。由从句中的 got 可知主句

时态应用过去完成时。fall in love 表示瞬间动作,不与表示时间段的时间状语连用; be

in love 表示状态,可与表示时间段的时间状语连用。故选 B 项。

6.(2019·连云港质检)Scientists have found evidence ________ global warming

caused the world's first horses to become smaller nearly 50 million years ago.

A.what

B.that

C.which

D.whether

解析:选 B 考查同位语从句。句意:科学家们已经找到证据,证明大约 5 000 万年前,

全球变暖使世界上首批马的个头变小了。根据句意可知,空后说的是 evidence 的内容,并

且引导词在从句中不作成分,所以用 that 引导同位语从句。

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7.With the development of the central and western China, more and more cities

have ________ in what was a wasteland ten years ago.

A.built up

B.sprung up

C.grown up

D.risen up

解析:选 B 句意:随着中国中西部地区的发展,十年前的废弃土地上涌现出了越来越

多的城市。spring up“涌现”,符合句意。build up“建立,增进”;grow up“成长”;rise

up“起义”。

8.The new system needs to be in operation for five months ________ it can be

updated.

A.as

B.while

C.before

D.once

解析:选 C before 的基本含义是“在……之前”,又可以根据不同语境灵活翻译成

“才”、“还没来得及就……”、“趁……就”等。这里 before 用于肯定句中,强调主句动作

所用时间长或花费的精力大,译成“才”。

9.I was telling them about my exciting travels, when he ________ with a story

of his own.

A.broke down

B.broke off

C.broke in

D.broke up

解析:选 C 句意:我正在给大家讲我的惊险旅行时,他突然插入讲述他自己的经历。

break in“插入”,相当于 cut in,符合句意。break down“分解;破碎”;break off“折

断”;break up“分离,分开”。

10.George ________ the good chance to present his proposal to the director,

and at last, it was adopted.

A.realized

B.seized

C.delivered

D.released

解析:选 B 句意:乔治抓住了向导演提出他的建议的好机会,最后,他的建议被采纳

了。seize a chance “抓住机会”,符合句意。realize“意识到”;deliver“寄送;发表;

接生”;release“释放;发行”。

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.It_won't_be_long_before you become used to living here.

用不了多久你就会习惯这儿的生活。

2.Wherever_he_goes,_he always brings a notebook with him.

他无论去哪里,都随身带着一个笔记本。

3.When word came that there wasn't going to be any show, the_crowd_broke_up

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in a hubbub. 听说表演取消了,人们一哄而散。 4. You sing very well and I have_never_heard_a_better_voice. 你唱得很好,我从未听过比这更动听的嗓音。 5.Those who do not learn from the past are_condemned_to_repeat_it. 那些不能从过去中吸取教训的人注定还要摔跟头。 Ⅳ.课文段落大意概括 阅读本单元 Reading 部分,试着以约 30 个词概括第一、二段(P18,L1-12)总的段落大意。 Turandot, a world?famous opera in which outstanding opera singers and musicians
participated, was performed in a splendid way in the Forbidden City in Beijing, China. The awesome setting was beyond everyone's imagination.
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