恩施州中药资源可持续利用研究

发布于:2021-11-29 23:10:13

龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn 恩施州中药资源可持续利用研究 作者:何银生,由金文,刘海华,艾伦强,郭杰,张国华,何美军,郭晓亮 来源:《湖北农业科学》2011 年第 12 期 摘要:概述了恩施州药用植物资源现状及其开发利用、重要药用植物种质资源保育与可持 续利用等研究现状,认为恩施州中药资源可持续利用应当关注的研究方向是加快药用植物资源 保存体系建设,加强濒危药用植物的繁育和替代工作;积极开展中药资源普查,建设中药资源 动态监测和预警网络;加强中药资源生态学研究,优先*幸┎挠盅芯浚罅ν*幸┎ GAP研究,全方位加强开发利用研究;探索DNA条形码技术的应用,为药用植物鉴定、濒 危物种保护以及资源评价等提供新的思路。 关键词:中药资源;可持续利用;恩施 中图分类号:S567.4;E124.5(632NS)文献标识码:A 文章编号: 0439-8114(2011)12-2481-06 Research on Sustainable Utilization of Tra ditional Chinese Medicine Resources in Enshi HE Yin-sheng1,2,YOU Jin-wen1,2,LIU Hai-hu a1,AI Lun-qiang2,GUO Jie1,ZHANG Guo-hua1,2, HE Mei-jun1,GUO Xiao-liang1 (1. Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, Hu bei Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Chinese Materia Medica Subcenter of Hubei Agricultur al Science and Technology Innovation Centre, Enshi 445000, Hubei, China; 2. Enshi Jiyuan Ph armacological Scientific and Technological D evelopment Co., Ltd., Enshi 445000, Hubei, Ch ina) 龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn Abstract: An investigation on the current s ituation and utilization of medicinal plant r esources in Enshi, Hubei province were summari zed, and studies on the resource protection an d culture of important medicinal plant germpl asm resources were concluded. The research di rection of sustainable utilization of tradit ional Chinese medicine resources in Enshi pre fecture was put forward: Speeding up the estab lishment of resource conservation system, im proving the breeding and replacement of endan gered medicinal plants; Actively developing t he resource investigation of medicinal plant s, setting up dynamic monitoring and forecast ing net work system for medicinal plant resour ces; Strengthening the research of Chinese me dicinal materials resource ecology, promotin g the selection and breeding research; Promoti ng the research of Chinese medicine material G AP, enhancing the research of exploitation an d utilization in an all-round way; Exploring t he application of DNA barcoding in plants, pro viding new ideas for original plant identific ation, endangered species protection and res ource evaluation of medicinal plants. Key words: traditional Chinese medicine re sources; sustainable utilization; Enshi 随着经济的发展和生活水*的提高,人们对于健康问题日益关注。此外,随着国际上对天 然药物的重视,中药的需求量开始激增。然而由于不合理的长期采挖、采收,导致野生中药资 源急剧减少,不少产区采挖量已远远超过了资源的再生能力,大量物种濒临枯竭,野生药材资 源的可持续利用已面临极大的压力[1]。在中国处于濒危状态的*3 000种植物中,用 于中药或具有药用价值的约占60%~70%。在1992年公布的《中国植物红皮书》中所 收录的398种濒危植物里,药用植物有168种,占42%强。目前至少有100多种野生 药用植物出现资源量急剧下降,不少常用的重要野生药用植物告急。如川贝母、重楼、石斛、 虫草等野生资源的破

相关推荐

最新更新

猜你喜欢